اولین مرکز تخصصی غربالگری اتیسم شهر تهران در مرکز اختلال طیف اُتیسم فریحا www.AutismFariha.ir

Autism spectrum disorder : difference or disability?

Figure thumbnail fx1
In May, 2015, the DSM-5 streamlined the diagnostic criteria for autism. The new collective term, autism spectrum disorder, embodies a history of complexity and conflict around autism. Divisions have existed in the autism community itself. Opposing views, approaches, and objectives have fired up rivalries between parents of autistic children, scientists, psychiatrists, educational and political bodies, and those diagnosed with autism. Our society is pushing for acceptance of diversity and rejection of labels that define and limit identity, and the way we view autism is similarly challenged and questioned—difference or disability? However, decades earlier, when autistic characteristics were first recognised, the social climate was vastly different.
In A Different Key: The Story of Autism is not a memoir, neither is it a clinical narrative. It falls somewhere in between. The authors have captured the art of storytelling and the book therefore has a broad appeal, beyond those directly involved or affected by autism. Coauthors John Donvan and Caren Zucker deliver a fact-filled and engaging read, addressing, but not necessarily concluding, the autism chapter in psychiatric terms, and opening the doors for the philosophy of neurodiversity. This book explores the common, and less known, characteristics of autism, and takes the reader on the long and bumpy road to try and understand, treat, and even cure autism.
The story opens with one of the first children to be diagnosed with autism, Donald Triplett, born in 1933 in Forest, MS, USA, and his parents, who sparked a chain of events that eventually put autism on the map. At that time, it was common for behaviours that Donald exhibited to be labelled “defective”, “retarded”, or “feebleminded” with recommendations for immediate and indefinite institutionalisation. The Triplett's were advised, as were many parents, to put their child away and move on. However, the Triplett's refused, and they started a trend as activist parents providing a voice for autism.
The book takes a chronological approach, and the case studies are woven, some overlapping, into the timeframe. The reader is introduced to child psychiatrist Leo Kanner at Johns Hopkins Hospital (Baltimore, MD, USA) through Donald's father sending a report of his son's unusual behaviour. Kanner was an influential but controversial figure in autism research and treatment, and he was the first to use the term “refrigerator mother”, which, quoted in Time magazine in 1948, became the mother-blaming metaphor for autism. The finger pointed to the mother who had failed to affectionately bond with their child, and were therefore considered culpable. Kanner later retracted this theory, but it was revived by the Austrian-born Bruno Bettleheim with great vigour, to the detriment of understanding autism.
Bernard Rimland, who had a son with autism, obtained his doctorate in experimental psychology and devoted his life and work to looking for the cause and possible treatment. In London, UK, psychologists Beate Hermelin and Neil O'Connor pursued a biological rather than psychogenic basis to autism at the same time as Rimland published Infantile Autism: The Syndrome and Its Implications for a Neural Theory of Behaviour in 1964, slamming the refrigerator mother concept in favour of biological causes. The same year Ivar Lovaas began to experiment with applied behaviour analysis (ABA) in London, UK, in an attempt to modify behaviour, using electric shock treatment as an aversive therapeutic technique. Despite its use of systematic punishment to reduce self-injurious behaviour, ABA was widely adopted, until the validity of the results of Lovaas's pivotal 1987 study were questioned.
Many other milestones are included in this comprehensive and illuminating history of autism as a disorder that has confounded both psychologists and neurologists. Among others, Donvan and Zucker introduce Hans Asperger, after whom Asperger's syndrome was named. Asperger believed his patients possessed a superior intelligence and originality of thought, differentiated from Kanner's patients he regarded as “psychotic or near psychotic”. Today the syndrome is “far better known than the man himself”.
The book acknowledges decades of contributions to autism research and awareness, such as Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan Leslie, and Uta Frith's study, Theory of Mind, and Temple Grandin's autobiography Emergence: Labelled Autistic. The 1998 film, Rain Man, also gets a mention for attracting public interest. Not forgetting the invaluable role of influential organisations, particularly National Alliance for Autism Research, Cure Autism Now, Autism Speaks, and the tireless activism of parent-led groups.
From cover to cover this book stirs up a combination of emotions. Admiration for the parents that took a stand; incredulity at treatments and assumptions; and gratitude to scientists and activists that dedicate their expertise and devote their energy to making people with autism spectrum disorder feel part of a world that appears to fear non-conformity to what is considered normal.
Ari Ne'eman, proud of his autistic identity, and a vocal campaigner in the 21st century for not curing autism but accepting it, founded the Autistic Self-Advocacy Network with the premise that neurological variation makes “all autistics as unique as any other human being”. However, autism remains a complex condition with dissenting voices. You must read this book, for many reasons—including to find out what happened to Donald Triplett.

1398/6/30       00000             Autism spectrum disorder : difference or disability?       فرهنگی , کودکان، آینده سازان فردا , سایت دوستان , Autism اوتیسم , روانشناسی , مرکز تخصصی اختلال طیف اُتیسم فریحا



 7Agahi.ir سامانه تبلیغاتی 7 آگهی
7Agahi.ir سامانه آگهی رایگان هفت آگهی


یادداشتها و چرکنویس های من parhost.net گروه فنی مهندسی پرهاست
یادداشتها و چرکنویس های من… یادداشتها ، مطالب ، نکات مهم و کاربردی … :: parhost.net گروه فنی مهندسی پرهاست


اولین مرکز تخصصی غربالگری اتیسم شهر تهران در مرکز اختلال طیف اُتیسم فریحا www.AutismFariha.ir

پایگاه اطلاع رسانی مدیریت و دسترسی به آدرسها و لینکهای اینترنتی , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی ابزارهای فناوری اطلاعات , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی اخترشناسان ایران , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی بهترین گروه و انجمن , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی انجمن فناوری اطلاعات , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی اطلس ها , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی با فرهنگ , پایگاه اطلاع رسانی 88080.ir
وبلاگ پرهاست , , 7Agahi.ir سامانه آگهی رایگان هفت آگهی , , گروه فنی مهندسی پرهاست , , مرکز اختلال طیف اُتیسم فریحا , , وبلاگ گروه فنی مهندسی پرهاست , , آموزش هنرهای دوزندگی و چهل تکه دوزی با شادی در شادی دوز با مدیریت مهین حیدرنیا ShadiDooz.ir
| اوتیسم عاطفی | مقاله اوتیسم 2018 | درمان اوتیسم در طب روازاده | اوتیسم شنوایی | autism in 9 year old | autism spectrum screening questionnaire | autism فیلم | e autism.se | اوتیسم ضیایی | حرکات اوتیسم | مشکل اوتیسم چیست | انواع درمان های اوتیسم | autism 7 months | درمان اوتیسم ایت الله تبریزیان | درمان بیماری اوتیسم چیست | چه چیز باعث بیماری اوتیسم می شود | مراکز غربالگری اوتیسم | اوتیسم اهواز | autism 3 year old boy | autismo 0-3 mesi | اوتیسم های فانکشن | اوتیسم تشنج | autism 6 month old baby | autismo 7 años | 5 autism signs | بیماری اوتیسم چیست در کودکان | علائم و درمان اوتیسم | حالتهای اوتیسم | autism 7 year old signs | چ چیزی باعث اوتیسم می شود | ترجمة کلمة autism spectrum disorder | اوتیسم صدا | اوتیسم عکس | autism 6 year old symptoms | autism checklist for 8 year olds | قرص برای درمان اوتیسم | اوتیسم جهانی | غربالگری تشخیص اوتیسم | autism ما معناها بالعربی | اوتیسم صمدی | اوتیسم از چه سنی شروع میشود | بحث عن autism | اوتیسم در طب اسلامی | اوتیسم خفیف در بزرگسالان | علائم اوتیسم | اوتیسم تبریزیان | برای کودک اوتیسم چه باید کرد | اوتیسم از چند ماهگی قابل تشخیص است | اوتیسم نوجوانان | درمان اختلال اوتیسم | autism عربی | autism journal sage | اوتیسم پی دی اف | اوتیسم چگونه بیماری است | autism 9 month old signs | autism 7 senses | آیا اوتیسم درمان دارد؟ | autism 10 year old | درمان کودکان اوتیسم | بیماری اوتیسم کی مشخص میشود | اوتیسم رسانه چیست | حامیان اتیسم | اوتیسم سرای مهربانی | درمان گیاهی اوتیسم کودکان | ثبت نام اوتیسم | نشانه ی اوتیسم چیست | اوتیسم رت | autismo 2 años | ثبت اوتیسم | اوتیسم صفاری | autism به فارسی | اوتیسم ژنتیکیه | autism in 9 month old | کدام دانشمند اوتیسم داشت | چه چیزی باعث اوتیسم میشه | درمان اوتیسم با عسل | تعریف اوتیسم چیست | autisme 8 jaar | اوتیسم چه نوع بیماریه | اوتیسم یک بیماری نیست | درمان اوتیسم در شیراز | autism اعراض | autism 3 year old | درمان اوتیسم اصفهان | اوتیسم یا سندرم داون | درباره ی اوتیسم | اوتیسم نشانه ها | اوتیسم درمان پذیر است | autism spectrum disorder | کودکان اوتیسمی چند سال عمر میکنند | چه چیزی باعث بیماری اوتیسم می شود | هومیوپاتی و درمان اوتیسم | اوتیسم کودک دو ساله | راه درمان قطعی اوتیسم | autism 6 second rule | بیماری اوتیسم در کودکان چیست | اوتیسم 6 ماهگی | آیا اوتیسم درمان می شود | e autism | autism at 7 months

@AutismFariha #اوتیسم #فریحا #تشخیص_اتیسم #اُتیسم #مرکزاتیسم_فریحا #مرکز_فریحا #مرکز_اوتیسم_فریحا #autism #اولین_پایگاه_غربالگری_تهران #مرکزفریحا #اتاق_تاریک #خفیف #autism_Fariha #اوتیسم_خفیف #درمانگر_اوتیسم #جذب #رنگتیسم #مشاور #رنگ_تیسم #درمان #تشخیص #غربال #اتاق_حسی #تهران #مددکار #مرکز #زمان_طلایی #دچار_اوتیسم
Copyright © 2002-2020, urlha.ir. Design and Hosting by ParHost All Rights Reserved.
17687